Dravya Guna Non-Detailed Plants Sumit Raina  

Agastya | Sesbania grandiflora | DravyaGuna

Forest & Kim Starr, CC BY 3.0 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0,
via Wikimedia Commons

Botanical Name : Sesbania grandiflora (Linn.) Pers

Family : Fabaceae

Vernacular Names :

Hindi : Agastha

Tamil : Agati

Telugu : Avisa

Synonyms In Sanskrit Language

Munidrama, Vanghsena, Kumbha yoni

Introduction

  • Small Tree
  • Grows up to 10m
  • Bears big white or red flowers
  • Available widely
  • Acharya Charak didn’t mention this plant
  • Acharya Sushruta mentioned it under Shaka Varga (S.S.Su.46)
  • Acharya Vaghbhatta quoted it as Kumbhayoni (A.H.Ut.13)
  • Acharya Sushruta mentoned the use of agastya in Naktandhya (Night blindness)

Different Varieties

All Nighantus have mentioned this plant and Raj Nighantu has divided it in four types viz.

  • Shweta (white)
  • Peeta (yellow)
  • Neela (Blue)
  • Rakta (Red)

Properties (Guna-Karma)

Rasa : Tikta

Guna : Laghu, Ruksha

Virya : Sheeta

Vipaka : Katu

Karma : Pitta-Kaph hara, Vishaghna

Indications

  • Naktandhya (Night blindness)
  • Chaturthka jwara
  • Kshya
  • Kasa
  • Peenasa

Therapeutic usage

  1. Naktandhyatva : Flowers (S.S.Ut.46) or ghee prepared with agastya leaves (A.H.Ut.13) maybe useful
  2. Jwara : Leaf juice as nasal drops in Chaturthka jwara (Vr.Ma.)
  3. Shoola : Decoction of bark along with rock salt and hingu relieves colic (Vr.Ma.)

Part Used :

  • Leaf
  • Flower
  • Whole Plant

Major Chemical Constituents

  • Methyl oleonate in flowers
  • Kaempferol & leucocyanidin etc. from seeds

(Ref. A textbook of DravyaGuna Vigyana by Dr. J.L.N. Sastry & Dr. Tanuja M. Nesari)

Dosage

  • Leaf juice : 10-20ml
  • Decoction : 50-100ml
  • Flower : 5-10g

Important Formulations

  • Agastya Rasayana (doesn’t contain agastya)
  • Ratnagiri Rasa

Sanskrit Verses Mentioning Agastya

१. अगस्तिः पित्तकफजिच्चातुथिकहरो हिमः । ह्रक्षो वातकरस्तिक्तः प्रतिड्याय निवारण: ॥ अगस्तिकुसुमं शीतं चातुर्थिकनिवारणम् । नक्तान्ध्यनाशनं तिक्तं कषायं कटुपाकि च ॥ (भा.प्र.) ) २. सितपीतनीलोहितकुसुमभेदाच्चतुर्विधोऽगस्तिः ॥ (रा.नि.)

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