Agnimantha – Properties, Indications – Dravyaguna

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Agnimantha is a very important plant since the Vedic period. Its stem/sticks were used to produce fire. It is also considered essential for many rituals.

Agni means fire and mantha means churning. Its wood was rubbed to produce fire in ancient times. Hence the name.

Botanical Name : There are many plants used in the name of Agnimantha – Premma integrifolia/mucronata Linn. & Clerodendrum phlomidis Linn. f. (C. multiforum (Burn. f.) O. Kurtz)

Family : Verbinaceae (Nirgundi Kula)

Vernacular Names :

Hindi : Tekar

Telugu : Nelli

Tamil : Taludalai

Bengali : Ganibhari

Gujrati : Arani

Marathi : Eirani

Synonyms in Sanskrit Language :

Aranai, Gana-tikarika, Jaya, Tarkari, Vataghni, Vainayantika, Sriparna

Categorization In Classical Texts

Charaka : Shothahara, Sitaprasamana, Anuvasanoaya

Sushruta : Viratarvadi, Varunadi, Vatasamsamana

Vagbhatta : Viratarvadi, Varunadi

Important Mentions

Agnimantha is sothahara according to acharya charaka.

Tarkari and agnimantha are described together by caraka. (CS.chi.27/54).

Susruta enumurated tarkari and agnimantha seperately in the varunadi gana.

Reference of tarkari dravya is also found in Ashtanga sangraha (A.S.chi.23).

From these lines it is clear that Brhat trai mentioned two kinds of agmimantha.

Different Varieties

According to Shodhala Nighantu : Agnimantha and Aeani are two different varieties.

Bhavamishra mentioned only one variety i.e Agnimantha for which Tarkari is the synonym.

Nighantu Ratnakara mentioned 2 varieties of Agnimantha viz.

  1. Laghu (Smaller)
  2. Brihat (Bigger)

Botanical Description

A large bushy shurb, leaves are ovate-sinuate Or serrate.

Flower is 3-9 flowered axillary cymes, white colored, fragrant.

Fruit is drupe, black coloured, globose.

Seeds – oblong.

Distribution

Found in forests of South India and West Bengal (northern part).

Properties (Guna-Karma)

Rasa – Tikta, Katu, Kashaya, Madhura

Guna – Ruksha, Laghu

Virya – Ushna

Vipaka – Katu

Karma – Kapha-vatahara, Shothahara, Dipana

Indications

  • Shotha
  • Pandu
  • Vasameha
  • Udara
  • Sthoulya
  • Kotha

Therapeutic Uses

1) Vasameha :- Agnimantha is given in form of decoction (S.S.Chi.11)

2) Shotha :- Arani ksara is mixed with boiled water and used both internally as well as externally. (G.N)

3) Sthoulya :- Shilajatu is to be given with Agnimamtha swarasa. (C.S.Su.21)

Part Used

Root bark, leaf

Major Chemical Constituents

Beta-sitosterol, premnine, premnenol, scutellarein, apigenin, hispidulin, clerosterol, clerodin, clerodendrin-A, cerolic acid, etc (Ref. A textbook of DravyaGuna Vigyana by Dr. J.L.N. Sastry & Dr. Tanuja M. Nesari)

Dosage

Powder : 1-3 g.

Decoction (Kwatha) : 50-100ml.

Leaf juice (Swarasa) : 10-20ml.

Important Formulations

  • Agnimantha kashaya
  • Dashmularishta.

Sanskrit Verses Mentioning Agnimantha

१. अग्निमन्योऽग्निमथनस्तकर्कारी वैजयन्तिका । वह्निमन्थोऽरणी केतुः श्रीपण्णी कर्णिका जया ।॥ नादेयी वह्निमथनो द्वितीयश्चाग्निमन्थनः । रक्ताङ्गो मन्थनश्चैव स चैवारणिको मतः ॥ तर्कारी कटुका तिक्ता तथोष्णाऽनिलपाण्डुजित् । शोफश्लेष्पाग्निमान्द्यामविबन्धांश्च विनाशयेत् ।।(ध.नि.)

२. अग्निमन्थे च तर्कारी श्रीपर्ण: कर्णिको जया । विजयारणिक: केतुस्तपनो वैजयन्तिकाः ॥ तेजोवृक्षस्तनुत्वक् च मन्थश्च गणिकारिका । (शो.नि.)

३. द्वितीयेऽरणिवृक्षे तु नादेयी चाग्निमंथनी ।। जंघा च गंधपत्रश्च गन्धपुष्प: कृशानुगः । (शो.नि.)

४. अग्निमन्थोऽरणिः केतुस्तर्कारी वैजयन्तिका ॥ मथनो वह्निमथनो गणिका गणिकारिका । कर्णिका पावकाहवान्या जयन्ती विजया जया ।। (कै.नि.)

५. तर्करी कटुका तिक्ता तुवरा मधुराग्निदा । वीर्योष्णा हरते वातकफश्वयथुपाण्डुताः ॥ अग्निमन्थो गुणैस्तद्वद्विशेषाद्वातशोफहा ।। (कै.नि.)

६. अग्निमन्थो जयःस्याच्छ्रीपर्णी गणिकारिका । जया जयन्ती तर्कारी नादेयी वैजयन्तिका ॥ अग्निमन्थः श्वयथुनुद्वीय्योष्णः कफवातहत् । पाण्डुनुत्कटुकस्तिक्तस्तुवरो मधुरोऽग्निदः ॥(भा.प्र.)

७. अग्निमन्थो …………….वैजयन्तिका । वह्निमन्थो ………… जया ।। नादेयी विजयाऽनन्ता नदी यावत्रयोदश ॥ तक्कारी कटुरुष्णा च तिक्ताऽनिलकफापहा ।शोफश्लेष्माग्निमान्द्याशोंविड्बन्धाध्माननाशनी ॥ (रा.नि.)

८. क्षुद्राग्निमन्थस्तपनो विजया गणकारिका । अरणिर्लघुमन्थश्च तेजोवृक्षस्तनुत्वचा ॥ अग्निमन्थद्वयं चैव तुल्यं वीर्यरसादिषु । तत्प्रयोगानुसारेण योजयेत्स्वमनीषया ॥ (रा.नि.)

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